Rachel Whiteread Biography - ArtLyst
Rachel Whiteread was born in London in 1963. She studied painting at The Faculty of Arts and Architecture at Brighton Polytechnic and at the Cyprus College of Art. Whiteread continued her studies at the Slade.
She is best known for her sculptures, which typically take the form of plaster and resin castings.
Whiteread is considered one of the Young British Artists (YBA), and exhibited at the Royal Academy's Sensation exhibition in 1997. She is probably best known for Ghost, a large scale plaster model of a Victorian home's interior space and for her sculpture produced in resin for the "Fourth Plinth' located in London's Trafalgar Square. One of her most controversial and exploratory works was 'House' 1993-94. A concrete model of an interior of a nineteenth-century terraced house. It was located in the the East End of London. The work was on display for only a few months, and in spite of massive protests from the arts community to persuade the London Borough of Tower Hamlets to make it a permanent display, it was raised to the ground.
Whiteread has received many important commissions, including the Holocaust Memorial in Vienna, and the project for the Fourth Plinth in Trafalgar Square.
Rachel Whiteread was the first woman to win the Turner Prize in 1993 and In 1997 she represented Britain at the XLVII Venice Biennale.