Steve McQueen Biography - ArtLyst
Born in London in 1960 McQueen studied art and design at Chelsea College of Art 1989-90 and then fine art at Goldsmiths College where he first became interested in film. He left Goldsmiths in 1993 and then studied at the Tisch School, New York University 1993-94.
McQueen's films, were designed to be simultaneously projected on several walls of an art gallery. Most of the films are shot in black and white and minimalist by nature. He has cited the influence of Andy Warhol and the nouvelle vague and often appears as the featured character in his films.
His first major work in 1993 was titled 'Bear'. It portrays two men (one of them McQueen) exchanging glances which at times seem threatening or flirtatious.
One of his best known works, Deadpan (1997), is a re-enacts the famous Buster Keaton stunt in which the front of a house collapses around him leaving him unscathed because he is standing exactly in the place of an open window.
Drumroll (1998) was made with three cameras, two mounted to the sides, and one to the front of an oil drum which McQueen rolled through the streets of Manhattan. The resulting films are projected on three walls of an enclosed space.
McQueen has also produced sculptures such as White Elephant (1998) and numerous photographs."He continually plays with the language of film to create absorbing and technically innovative works that have a powerful, almost physical presence".
His first commercial film, 'Hunger' (2008) tells the story of the 1981 Irish hunger strike. It premiered at the 2008, Cannes Film Festival and won the first-time director,Caméra d'Or.
He won the Turner Prize in 1999 and was selected to represent Britain at the 2009 Venice Biennale.