Garage Mounts First Exhibition of John Baldessari’s Work in Russia
The first exhibition of John Baldessari’s work in Russia, 1+1=1, will present the artist’s most recent compprhensive series of paintings that offer a playful ‘double take’ on the canon of art history and continue his longstanding investigation into the tensions between text and image in art. Produced in 2011 and 2012, the works were created in four interconnected parts—Double Vision, Double Feature, Double Bill (Part 1 and 2) and Double Play. The exhibition at Garage will be the first time a selection from all the Double series are seen together.
I think the idea of doubling for me issues from asking whether two things that look alike are really the same or if they’re different. It’s a mindset; some people think that one thing looks like another and others don’t. I like that sort of conflict. I play with it a lot.
Working from traditional art history textbooks, Baldessari has selected masterpieces from the 18th to the 20th century by artists, including Chardin, de Chirico, Courbet, David, Duchamp, Gaugin, Hockney, Magritte, Malevich, Manet, Matisse and Warhol. In each instance, he gives the works a new lease of life by choosing a fragment and interpreting it as a complete image in its own right before ‘doubling’ or pairing it with a text that appears as a title. For example, works in Double Vision pair one artist’s name with a fragment of work from another well-known artist; Double Feature combines a fragment of an Old Master painting with a title from film noir; Double Bill juxtaposes images culled from two works, with one of the artists named below and the other not; and Double Play couples an image with a title from a song.
I like to create new meaning. The way to do that is to bring two things together—whether it is two words, two images or image and word—but you need to get them close enough so there’s some sort of synapse and something new is created. It could end up as ‘Dr. Frankenstein’ disastrous or a third meaning is created. I find that quite interesting.
Co-curated by Garage’s new Chief Curator, Kate Fowle, and Garage’s International Advisor, Hans Ulrich Obrist, 1+1=1 is presented as part of the citywide cultural program developed in conjunction with the 5th Moscow Biennale of Contemporary Art.
In celebration of the artist’s first visit to Moscow, a public conversation is planned between Baldessari and Ilya Kabakov on Wednesday 18 September, before the opening reception for 1+1=1 on Friday 20 September.
John Baldessari was born in 1931 in National City, California, USA and currently lives and works in Santa Monica, California. A pioneer of conceptual art practice, the artist’s career spans five decades and embraces painting, photography, film, video, books, prints, objects and installation.
Since his first show in 1968, Baldessari has exhibited widely across Europe and the USA, producing nearly 100 solo exhibitions by 2013. His first retrospective was organized by the New Museum in New York in 1981; a decade later, in 1990, the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles developed a survey show that travelled across the United States; and in 1995, This Not That was the first retrospective to be organized in Europe by Cornerhouse, Manchester, which travelled to London, Stuttgart, Ljubljana, Oslo and Lisbon. In 2009, the artist was the subject of a lifetime retrospective, Pure Beauty, organized by Tate Modern in London, which travelled to Museu d’Art Contemporain in Barcelona; Los Angeles County Museum of Art and The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York throughout 2011.
Participating in hundreds of group exhibitions all over the world since 1957, Baldessari has been selected for six Whitney Biennials (1969, 1972, 1977, 1979, 1982, 2008), three Documenta’s (1972, 1982, 2012) and two Venice Biennales (1997, 2009). In 2011, Baldessari was included in eleven of the 40 exhibitions developed as part of Pacific Standard Time: Art in L.A., 1945 – 1980.
The artist curated his first show in 1979 in San Francisco, and most recently, in 2007 with the collection at The Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden in Washington D.C. In 2006, he co-curated and designed Magritte and Contemporary Art: The Treachery of Images at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art. In 1994, he was invited to work with the collection at the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), New York for Artist’s Choice: John Baldessari.
John Baldessari: Catalogue Raisonné: Volume One: 1956 – 1974 was published by Yale University Press (New Haven and London, 2012). John Baldessari: Catalogue Raisonne: Volume Two: 1975 – 1986 is forthcoming (2013). This year, the first publication of Baldessari’s writings entitled, More Than You Wanted to Know About John Baldessari: Volumes 1 and 2, edited by Meg Cranston and Hans Ulrich Obrist, will be published by JRP|Ringier.
Over his career, the artist has received numerous awards, including the Kaiserring by the city of Goslar, Germany (2012); the Golden Lion Award for Lifetime Achievement at the Venice Biennale (2009); the Lifetime Achievement Award, Americans for the Arts, New York (2005) and the Distinguished Artist Award for Lifetime Achievement, College Art Association, New York (1999).
A long-time teacher, Baldessari was on the faculty of the California Institute of the Arts in Valencia (1970 – 1988) and the University of California, Los Angeles (1996 – 2007). He received a bachelors (1953) and masters (1957) degrees from San Diego State College, continuing his studies at Otis Art Institute (1957 – 1959).
Kate Fowle is Chief Curator of Garage Center for Contemporary Culture in Moscow and Director-at-Large at Independent Curators International (ICI) in New York, where she was Executive Director from 2009 to 2013. Prior to this, she was the inaugural International Curator at Ullens Center for Contemporary Art in Beijing. From 2002 to 2007, Fowle was chair of the Master’s Program in Curatorial Practice at California College of the Arts in San Francisco, which she co-founded in 2001. Before moving to the USA, she was Co-Director of Smith + Fowle in London (1996 – 2001) and curator at the Towner Art Gallery in Eastbourne (1993 – 1996). She has written on curating and exhibition practices for numerous publications and magazines including, Parkett, Modern Painters, Art in America, Manifesta Journal, the Exhibitionist and Frieze.
Hans Ulrich Obrist is Garage’s International Advisor. Since 2006, he has been Co-Director of Exhibitions and Programs and Director of International Projects at the Serpentine Gallery in London. Before that, he was Curator of Museum in Progress in Vienna from 1993 to 2000 and has been a curator at the Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris since 2000. Obrist has curated more than 250 solo, group and biennial exhibitions internationally since 1991; he is the author of an extensive ongoing project of interviews, The Interview Project; contributing editor of Abitare Magazine, Artforum and Paradis Magazine; initiator of the Marathon series of public events since 2005; and in 2012, he co-founded 89plus with Simon, a long-term, international research project conceived to map the generation born in or after 1989.
Garage Center for Contemporary Culture is an independent platform for new thinking in Moscow. Through an extensive program of exhibitions, events, research, education and publishing, Garage reflects on current developments in Russian and international culture, creating opportunities for public dialogue and the production of new work and ideas. Founded in 2008 by Dasha Zhukova
In October 2012, Garage relocated from its former home in the Bakhmetevsky Bus Garage to Gorky Park. Garage Pavilion, designed by Shigeru Ban, houses an exhibition hall, café and bookshop.