Smashed Piano From 1960s Performance Art On View At Tate Britain
Tate Britain is exhibiting a smashed up piano which was used in the 'Destruction In Art Symposium' (DIAS) in 1966. It is one of the only surviving examples of sculpture from the pioneering season of events, which included performances by the late John Latham and Yoko Ono. The event was organised by Gustav Metzger a seminal figure in the underground, who had influenced among others The Who guitarist Pete Townshend.
The piano is part of the exhibition Art under Attack: Histories of British Iconoclasm, an exhibition which explores physical attacks on art from the Reformation to the present day. The exhibition includes some of the finest examples of medieval sculpture in Britain, all remarkable survivors of the Reformation, when it is thought that over 90 per cent of medieval sculpture was lost.
The Duncan Terrace Piano Destruction Concert was one of a number of ‘concerts’ performed by Raphael Montañez Ortiz (b.1934), using domestic furniture in the Islington home of Jay and Fran Landesman, leading cultural figures in 1960s London. It was unknown that the work still existed in the very house where the event happened. The exhibition also includes a recording of the destruction taking place that was broadcast at the time on American radio.
Yoko Ono performed one of her Cut Piece performances at DIAS. The exhibition includes a fragment of Ono’s dress from the Tate archive which was worn for Cut Piece 1966.
Yoko Ono said: ‘I’m glad that the Destruction in Art Symposium is presented as the initial creative force in the Art under Attack show in the Tate. DIAS changed the map of the art world. Before DIAS, Art seemed to have been something that was happening in the United States for the rest of us to acknowledge and envy. After DIAS, the strong creative force in Art became the stuff of this side of the Atlantic, and never went back.’
Since 1961, Ortiz had destroyed household objects, such as chairs and mattresses, which were chosen as surrogates for the body and presented as sculptures. He approached each Piano Destruction Concert as a shaman would a sacrifice ritual. His attention to the harmonics of sound made through the process of destruction, or ‘un-making’ as he termed it, provided one aspect of the redemptive power he professed the destruction concert to have.
Raphael Montañez Ortiz said: ‘The first hit of the axe proved my theory, the sound resonated as I have never heard before… With a final axe swing the harp came loose and tumbled down the stairs, I remember standing the harp of the piano up, tilting it out of the pile of splintered wood that was once its art nouveau façade, bits and pieces of axe-sliced black and white piano keys were scattered everywhere I looked.’