Willem de Kooning’s iconic “Woman-Ochre,” which was stolen in 1985, has been returned to the University of Arizona Museum of Art by a good Samaritan from New Mexico. Preliminary authentication confirms it is the well-documented painting.
The painting is part of six works in the artist’s “Woman” series. There were several united in the Abstract Expressionist exhibition at the Royal Academy in London, last Autumn. Recently Hedge fund billionaire Steven A. Cohen purchased Woman II (1952) for $137.5m from dealer/collector and music mogul David Geffen. The deal was brokered by the billionaire art dealer Larry Gagosian in November 2006.
This is a monumental moment for the museum,” said Meg Hagyard, director of UAMA
The University of Arizona (UA) painting was cut out of its frame in a campus gallery by a man and a woman who followed a museum staff member inside at approximately 9 a.m. on Nov. 29, 1985. The woman distracted the security guard while the man went upstairs and cut “Woman-Ochre” from its frame with a sharp blade. The two hurried out of the museum and never returned. The heist took no more than 15 minutes.
The painting recently was purchased at an estate sale by David Van Auker, owner of Manzanita Ridge Furniture & Antiques in Silver City, New Mexico. The next morning, he put the painting on display in his store and quickly began receiving several comments about how it appeared to be an original work by de Kooning. Van Auker began researching the piece and discovered an article about the theft of “Woman-Ochre” from UAMA in 1985. The painting in the article looked identical to the painting sitting in his store.
Van Auker immediately called the museum to inform staff and to assure them he wanted only for it to be safely returned to the people of Arizona. Museum staff traveled to Silver City to retrieve the painting and safely returned it to a secure location in Tucson on Monday.
“It’s a great day for the University of Arizona and great news for the art world and people who care about public art,” said UA President Robert C. Robbins. “I want to acknowledge and thank David Van Auker. He’s the hero who worked so hard to make sure the painting was returned to its rightful home.”
The artist, de Kooning, was one of the pioneers and leaders of abstract expressionism, a movement that began in New York after World War II. It was popularised by artists including Jackson Pollock and Mark Rothko as well as de Kooning, who began his “Women” series in 1950. The series, heavily influenced by Picasso, is considered monumental in the way that it imagines the human figure. In 2006, “Woman 3,” another de Kooning painting in the series, sold for $137.5 million.
The painting retrieved from New Mexico was preliminarily authenticated by the world-renowned conservator and professor Nancy Odegaard of the Arizona State Museum.
Odegaard spent two hours completing a thorough visual examination of both the painting and the remnants left behind from the original. Several characteristics were consistent with the recorded history of “Woman-Ochre,” including documented repairs, alignment of the cut lines in the canvas and brush strokes on the recovered painting that lined up with marks on the canvas remnants, and the painting was authenticated as the original work.
“This is a monumental moment for the museum,” said Meg Hagyard, director of UAMA. “We are thrilled at the possibility that this work could once again be on exhibit in our galleries. This is an especially poignant moment, as ‘Woman-Ochre’ was donated by Edward Joseph Gallagher Jr. as part of one of the largest gifts in the museum’s history. Having both the collection and that gift complete once again is something that we’ve always hoped for.
“This was one of the most important moments in my life,” Van Auker said. “I’m so grateful that I got to be a part of it. I’m forever bound to that painting, and to the U of A.”
“The thieves actually committed two crimes that day,” said Kimberly Andrews Espy, UA senior vice president for research, whose office oversees the art museum. “First, they stole an important signature painting from the University’s museum collection. They also stole more than 30 years of access from the public and scholars across the world, depriving them of the opportunity to appreciate, learn from and be inspired by a significant artist.”
At the time of the theft, Brian Seastone, chief of the University of Arizona Police Department, was a public information officer at UAPD and the lead investigator on the case. “I was always very optimistic that one day we would find the painting, but it’s hard to describe the emotion of it coming home,” Seastone said. “There’s this sense of relief and happiness. It’s a sense of calm. It’s back, it’s home, it’s where it should be. We know the art is worth an awful lot of money, but the story behind it is priceless.”
The University of Arizona Museum of Art offers a year-round schedule of exhibitions, programming, and events designed to incite conversations related to the history and meaning of the visual arts. The permanent collection includes masterpieces that span eight centuries and innumerable artistic styles. Highlights include the “Altarpiece From Ciudad Rodrigo,” “The Visitation” by the Master of the Catholic Kings, Jackson Pollock’s “Number 20,” Mark Rothko’s “Green on Blue (Earth-Green and White)” and “Red Canna” by Georgia O’Keeffe. The museum invites all community members to be a part of the dialogue and contribute their voices to the rich story of art in the Tucson community and beyond.
The University of Arizona Museum of Art is one of three University arts and cultural institutions that report to the Office of Research, Discovery, and Innovation as part of the UA interdisciplinary arts, culture, and society academic enterprise. More information about the museum, its exhibitions, programming, and events can be found here.