An exhibition of important figurative sculptures by Juan Muñoz (1953 -2001). This will be the first opportunity to see a dedicated show of the artist’s work in the UK since 2012 and marks ten years since his major retrospective at Tate Modern in 2008. Featuring six works including iconic floor-based sculptures, wall-mounted figures and a suspended solitary man, the exhibition is installed across three interconnecting rooms.
For Muñoz, the space in which the figures are positioned and the architecture of that space plays a crucial role in how they are perceived and how we respond to them. Positioned high on the wall, the mounted figurative ensembles disrupt the normal angles of vision, heightening the dramatic effect of their presence. Looking up to view Hombre Colgado Boca, 2001, influenced by Degas’s Miss Lala at the Cirque Fernando, 1879, or bending down to engage with the smaller than life-size figures in 3 Chinese, the viewer experiences the works bodily as well as visually. Playing with the notion of spectatorship, the interior space of the gallery becomes an arena in which the figures are simultaneously watching and being watched.
This idea of the spectacle being reversed onto the viewer is heightened in the main room of the gallery by the chattering and laughing figures coming alive on all sides and centre. Entering this charged environment, the viewer is excluded from their private narratives. Unlike traditional forms of figurative sculpture, Muñoz’s figures don’t perform, instead they are immersed in their own worlds and conversations.
Further distancing the figures from the viewer, Muñoz draws on their otherness, playing with our sense of scale and traditional notions of exoticism. The smiling figures in 3 Chinese belong to a repertoire of characters that Muñoz created including the dwarf, ballerina and ventriloquist dummy, all of whom appear to us as both familiar and strange:
‘There is something about their appearance that makes them different, and this difference in effect excludes the spectator from the room they are occupying … The spectator becomes very much like the object to be looked at, and perhaps the viewer has become the one who is on view’. (Juan Muñoz)
A self-described storyteller, Muñoz’s works function like story tales in which the movements of the spectator are deliberately set out by him. Encouraging the viewer to wander in and among the sculptures, he choreographs their participation within the interior landscape of the gallery. Caught in a freeze-frame moment, the three-dimensional tableaux in bronze and resin both invite and reject attention, all the while raising questions about the nature of looking and our way of being:
‘My characters sometimes behave as a mirror that cannot reflect. They are there to tell you something about your looking, but they cannot, because they don’t let you see yourself.’
|Duration||19 January 2018 - 24 February 2018|
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